|Anglican Use and Custom Regarding Christian Burial|
"Into Thy Hands, 0 Lord..."
DIOCESE OF FREDERICTON
This pamphlet is issued under the authority of the Archbishop of Fredericton, by the Department of Ministry and Pastoral Care.
Your Diocesan Committee presents this pamphlet. .. not only to point out certain Christian emphases regarding death and burial, but with the prayer that our religion may be to all of us a source of help and strength, especially in a time of bereavement.
LIFE AND DEATH
"Now is Christ risen from the dead and become the first-fruits of them that slept...."
The chief emphasis of Christian Burial should be not upon death but on Life Eternal . . . "We praise and glorify God for the fulness of joy which he gives to all who put their trust in him."
All life is a preparation for dying and for Eternity, and there is therefore the need to be prepared both materially and spiritually. The former includes making provision for one's family. . . . the making of a Will in accordance with Christian principles.
A part of our preparation for death as Christians is regular worship, and the receiving of the Sacraments. Even when age or infirmity or illness come upon us, we can still participate in the worship of the Church through the priestly ministrations of our clergy.
SICKNESS AND EMERGENCY
As the Prayer Book directs, it is the responsibility of the family to call the rector in such circumstances. In any emergency which necessitates calling the doctor, your parish priest should also be called. In the case of sudden death, the priest should be called immediately.
In the making of Funeral arrangements, we are reminded as Christians of the simplicity of our Lord's own burial, and that extravagant expenditures at the time of death are not a valid indication of our love and concern for the deceased, but in many cases an unnecessary burden on the bereaved. Any undue concern about the body . . . is a worldly and pagan emphasis, not a Christian one. The Christian's emphasis should be Godward; the lifting of our hearts in prayer, the commending of ourselves and those we love to the care of God, and the conduct of rite and custom in simplicity with dignity.
The priest should be consulted BEFORE arrangements are made for the Funeral.
THE FAMILY CORPORATE COMMUNION
Church families are encouraged to take part in a service of the Holy Communion in the parish church at the time of bereavement, with the Burial Office, or as soon afterwards as possible. The Anglican tradition of a family Corporate Communion should be more commonly observed.
FAMILY PRAYERS AT HOME
On the day of the Funeral, if family prayers are requested at home, the coffin should be closed prior to the prayers.
THE FUNERAL SERVICE
The proper place for the Funeral Service is the parish church, or one of the Churches of the parish. The Office of Burial is an ancient service of the Church, and the same service continues to be used for rich and poor alike. It is an expression of our oneness in Christ and our corporate life, as of those who have already known and shared the eternal life which God has given and will give.
A FUNERAL PALL
In keeping with the thought of the equality of men under God, it is an ancient custom of the Church to cover the coffin with a Funeral Pall for the service in the church. In any case the coffin should be closed before the service.
(Directions for making an appropriate and inexpensive pall may be obtained from the Sanctuary Guild, Christ Church Catherdral, Fredericton)
PARTICIPATION IN THE FUNERAL SERVICE
The Funeral Service is the congregational form of prayer appropriate to the death of a member of the flock. The whole congregation - including the relatives of the deceased and the pallbearers - should stand for the Sentences, joining in the Psalm, the Creed and hymns, sit for the Lesson, and kneel for the prayers, as at any other form of worship.
CHOICE OF HYMNS
The hymns should be chosen from the Hymn Book and in consultation with the minister. They should witness to the Christian belief in Life Everlasting.
FLOWERS AND MEMORIALS
It is recommended that only the immediate family send flowers, and it is suggested that opportunities be given for friends to make donations to some Church purpose or charitable fund, in memory of the deceased. It is suggested that the Rector should be consulted.
FLOWERS IN CHURCH
lt is recommended that the flowers brought into the Church be limited to those used at the altar and two or three floral-pieces from the immediate family. Flowers should not be placed on the pall.
Sunday Funerals are not a custom of the Church. Sunday is the Church's festal day of worship.
AT THE COMMITTAL
The coffin should be lowered fully into the grave at the beginning of the service at the graveside. Earth, not flowers, shall be cast on the coffin.
In cases of cremation, the ashes may be committed to the ground by the Parish priest.
At the cremation the following words, "Forasmuch . . . we commit his body to be consumed by fire in sure and certain hope, etc." At the burial of the ashes, the following words-"Forasmuch .. .. . we commit his ashes to their resting place in sure and certain hope, etc."
The Burial Office of the Church is complete in itself. If the family desire the rites of any fraternal society to which the deceased belonged, it is recommended that such rites take place apart from the Burial Service of the Church, preferably the evening before in the home, or funeral home. (After the final blessing at the grave is permissible.)
It is suggested that tombstones be moderate in size and simple in design, and of a character that symbolizes our Christian Hope in the Cross of Christ.
THE SYNOD OFFICE
116 Princess Street, Saint John, N. B.
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